Intro to the History &
Intro to the History &
Theology of the Assemblies
Theology of the Assemblies
of God
of God
The Start
Between the Civil War and the close of
the 1800’s – conditions
Fundamentalists and the Holiness
Bethel Bible College
Director: Charles Parham
Topeka, KS – January 1,
13 students in a barn –
praying and fasting
Agnes Ozman
Initial physical evidence
– speaking in tongues
W. J. Seymour
Trained in the ministry
by sitting outside a
classroom window as
Charles Parham taught
– Texas
1906 – secured a
building at 312 Azusa
St. in Los Angeles, CA
Services from 10 am –
midnight everyday for
3 years.
Publication: Word and
Witness – E. N. Bell
For information, teaching and organizing the
Called for a conference in Hot Springs, Ark in
300+ people attended
The Assemblies of God birthed – E. N. Bell
elected the first Chairman of this new
Why? 5 Reasons
1. Better understanding and unity of doctrine
2. To know how to conserve God’s work at home
and abroad (other countries)
3. To consult on protection of funds for missions
4. To help charter churches under a legal name
5. To consider the establishment of a Bible training
school with a literary division.
Doctrine Established
16 Fundamental Truths of the
Assemblies of God – 1916
1961 – Position Papers called “Where
We Stand”
Commission of Doctrinal Purity – 1990’s
The Scriptures Inspired
The Scriptures Inspired
Fundamental Truth of the A/G
Fundamental Truth of the A/G
The Authoritative Rule: “The Scriptures, both the
Old and New Testament are verbally inspired of
God and are the revelation of God to man, infallible,
authoritative, rule of faith and conduct.”
Three kinds of religious authority:
A) human reasoning = rationality (the quality of being
based on or in accordance with reason or logic) vs.
rationalism (reliance of reason to validate religious
B) the Church = apostolic succession (Peter)
C) God’s Word = Hebrews 1: 1 – 2
The Revelation of God to
A) Natural/General Revelation: Romans 1:20, “Since the
creation of the world God’s invisible qualities – His
eternal power and divine nature – have been clearly seen,
being understood from what has been made, so that
men are without excuse.”
B) Conscience: Romans 2: 14-15, “Indeed, when Gentiles,
who do not have the law, do by nature things required by
the law for themselves, even though they do not have
the law, since they show that the requirements of the
law are written on their hearts, their consciences also
bearing witness, and their thoughts now accusing, now
even defending them.”
Verbally Inspired Word of
2 Timothy 3:16-17, “All Scripture is God-breathed and
is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and
training in righteousness, so that the servant of God
may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.”
“theopneustos” = Hebrew meaning “God-breathed”.
This is not “dictation” – God spoke sometimes
audibly, sometimes through the heart/mind Spirit,
etc. The Spirit illuminates the mind of the writer and
2 Peter 1: 16-21, “For we did not follow cleverly
devised stories when we told you about the
coming of our Lord Jesus Christ in power, but
we were eye witnesses of His majesty. He
received honor and glory from God the Father
when the voice came to Him from the
Majestic Glory, saying, ‘This is my Son, whom I
love; with Him I am well pleased.’ We
ourselves heard this voice that came from
heaven when we were with Him on the
sacred mountain (transfiguration)…
2 Peter 1 continued: “We also have the
prophetic message as something
completely reliable, and you will do well to
pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a
dark place, until the day dawns and the
morning star rises in your hearts. Above all,
you must understand that no prophecy of
Scripture came about by the prophet’s own
interpretation of things. For prophecy
never had its origin in the human will, but
prophets, though human, spoke from God
as they were carried by the Holy Spirit.”
Jesus fully accepted the Torah (OT) in John 10:35,
“Scripture cannot be broken.” Also, look at Matt. 5:18,
“Until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest
letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means
disappear from the Law until everything is
Plenary Verbal Inspiration:
Plenary = “full”
Verbal = “spoken/inspired”
Inspiration = discussed earlier
The A/G holds strongly to the plenary verbal inspiration
of Scriptures – it’s message is absolute truth.
Peter’s view of Paul’s
2 Peter 3: 15-16, “Bear in mind that our Lord’s
patience means salvation, just as our dear
brother Paul also wrote you with the wisdom
that God gave him. He writes the same way in
all his letters, speaking in them of these
matters. His letters contain some things that
are hard to understand, which ignorant and
unstable people distort, as they do other
Scriptures, to their own destruction.”
The Infallible Rule
Infallible = “incapable of error and therefore not
capable of misleading, deceiving, or disappointing us.”
(p. 26)
Inerrancy = “exempt from error”- to the A/G, scriptures
are not inerrant.
A/G strongly supports the infallibility of God’s Word but
recognizes recording/statistical errors are possible.
“The whole Bible shows that He is reliable, dependable,
trustworthy, and His very nature guarantees the
authority and infallibility of His Word.”
T The Canon & Later
Canon = a rule, a standard, a measuring rod
39 Old Testament Canons – already established by the
time of Jesus’ incarnation (God in human form)
367 ad – Athanasius examining documents circulated
discovered there were 27 NT books/letters/canons
397 ad Council of Carthage
declared the NT had 27
4 NT Criteria:
1. Apostolicity = writer an apostle or one who had
seen Jesus?
2. Universality = was the book widely accepted by
the Church?
3. Contents = writings consistent with OT and other
NT texts?
4. Inspiration = does the writing have the divinely
inspired quality as the other accepted books have?
Dead Sea Scrolls
Discovered in 1947 by a shepherd boy
All or parts of all 39 OT canons – except
for the Book of Esther – were
discovered – Hebrew text
Dated as early at 250 BC
250 bc – 150 bc =
Septuagint Version - Greek
Changing Translations
312-320 ad = Jerome (Church Father) and
300 other priests/translators translated
the entire 66 books into Latin – called
the Vulgate
1380 ad = John Wycliffe translated the
first English Bible. He died in 1384 ad.
Roman Catholic Church condemned his
work and by 1428 – most of his
handwritten copies were burnt.
Printing press – 1440 helped spread the
1462 – 1522 = at least 17 translations of the
Bible were found in Germany
Martin Luther influenced William Tyndale
who made the first most important English
translation of the NT in 1525. Tyndale was
arrested by the RC Church and burned at the
Geneva Bible = English translation written by
English refugees who fled to Switzerland –
brought to America by the Pilgrims.
King Henry VIII – broke off from the Catholic
church and created the Church of England
(Episcopal) 1530’s – varying translations were used
King James I appointed several groups of Biblical
scholars who wrote the KJV in 1611. It was King
James who “authorized” this version.
This was during the time when Shakespearian
English was very popular so that is what the
translators used…
The One True God
The One True God
Fundamental Truth of the A/G
Fundamental Truth of the A/G
“The one true God has revealed Himself as
the eternally self-existent ‘I AM’, the
Creator of heaven and earth and the
Redeemer of mankind. He has further
revealed Himself as embodying the
principles of relationship and association
as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.”
Deut. 6:4
Isaiah 43: 10-11
Matt 28: 19 and Luke 3:22
Deut. 6:4 “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is
Isaiah 43: 10-11 “…understand the I Am He. Before Me
no god was formed, nor will there ever be one after
Me…I Am the Lord, and apart from Me there is no
Matt 28: 19 “Therefore, go and make disciples of all
nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and
of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”
Luke 3:22 “And the Holy Spirit descended in bodily
form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: ‘You
are My Son, Whom I love; with you I am well pleased.’”
In Response to a 1913 Heresy…1916
“The Adorable Godhead”
Terms Defined = Trinity (although not used in
scriptures) and Persons of the Godhead are in
harmony with Scriptures. Matt. 28: 19
“Therefore go and make disciples of all nations,
baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the
Son and of the Holy Spirit.”
Note: “Godhead” “head” = the source from which all
things start. Paul used this term when stating that
man is the head of woman…meaning the source
from where she came…his side
Distinction and Relationship in the
Godhead = Jesus identified the
Godhead in the terms of Father, Son,
and Holy Spirit. 2 Cor. 13:14
“May the grace of the Lord Jesus
Christ, and the love of God, and the
fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you
Unity of the One Being of Father, Son, and Holy
Spirit = Father-Begetter; Son-Begotten; Holy
Spirit-the One proceeding from the Father &
Son. Zech 14:9; John 1: 18
Zech 14: 9 “The Lord will be king over the
whole earth. On that day there will be one Lord,
and His name the only name.”
John 1: 18, “No one has ever seen God, but
the one and only Son, Who is himself God and is
in closest relationship with the Father, has made
Him known.
Identity and Cooperation in the Godhead = The Father
is not from the Son – the Son is from the Father; the
Holy Spirit is from the Father and the Son proceeding –
hence, neither Person in the Godhead exists or works
separately or independently of each other. John 5: 17-
30, 32 & 37
“’My Father is always at His work to this very day; and I
too am working’. For this reason they tried all the
more to kill Him…He was even calling God His own
Father, making Himself equal with God. ‘…I tell you,
the Son can do nothing by Himself; He can do only
what He sees His Father doing, because whatever the
Father does the Son also does. For the Father loves
the Son and shows Him all He does.
John 5: 20-27 ‘Yes, and He will show Him even grater
works than these, so that you will be amazed. For just
as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even
so the Son gives life to whom He is pleased to give it.
Moreover, the Father judges no one, but has entrusted
all judgement to the Son, that all may honor the Son
just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor
the Son does not honor the Father, Who sent Him…I
tell you, whoever hears My word and believes Him Who
sent Me has eternal life and will not be judged but has
crossed over from death to life…I tell you, a time is
coming and has now come when the dead will hear the
voice of the Son of God and those who hear will live
(rapture). For as the Father has life in Himself, so He
has granted the Son also have life in Himself. And He
has given Him authority to judge because He is the Son
of Man…
John 5: 28 – 30; 32 & 37 ‘Do not be amazed at
this, for a time is coming when all who are in
their graves will hear His voice and come out –
those who have done what is good will rise to
live, and those who have done what is evil will
rise to be condemned. By Myself (Jesus) I can do
nothing; I judge only as I hear, and My
judgement is just, for I seek not to please Myself
but Him Who has sent Me…There is another
Who testifies in My favor, and I know that His
testimony about Me is true…And the Father
Who has sent Me has Himself testified
concerning Me….’”
The Title, Lord Jesus Christ = belongs exclusively to
the Son of God only. Romans 1: 2-3, 7
“the gospel He has promised beforehand through His
prophets in the Holy Scriptures regarding His Son,
Who as to His earthly life was a descendant of David,
Who through the Spirit of holiness was appointed the
Son of God in power by His resurrection from the
dead: Jesus Christ our Lord.”
2 John 3 “Grace, mercy and peace from God the
Father and from Jesus Christ, the Father’s Son, will be
with us in truth and love.”
The Lord Jesus Christ, God with Us = The Son of
Man, both God and man – Immanuel. His time on
Matt 1:23 “The virgin will conceive and give birth to a
son, and they shall call his name Immanuel.”
Rev 1: 13, 17 & 18 “…I (John) fell at His feet…then He
placed His right hand upon me and said, ‘Do not be
afraid, I am the First and the Last. I am the Living One;
I was dead, and now look, I am alive for ever and ever!
And I hold the keys of death and Hades.’”
The Title , Son of God = eternal
The Existence of God
1. Ontological view = because god does not have a
physical existence – he is imperfect and therefore
2. Cosmological view = the First Cause
3. Teleological view = Divine Designer
4. Moral view = every human being has a stamp of
right and wrong that is higher than his/her
existence therefore there is a god.
Omnipotence = almighty
Omnipresent = all present
Omniscient = all knowing
God is good
God is love
God is holy
God is righteous
The Deity of the Lord
The Deity of the Lord
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
Fundamental Truth of the A/G
Fundamental Truth of the A/G
The Lord Jesus Christ is the
eternal Son of God
1. His virgin birth = Matt 1:23; Luke 1: 31 & 35
2. His sinless life = Heb 7:26; 1 Peter 2:22
3. His miracles = Acts 2:22 & 10:38
4. His substitutionary work on the cross = I Cor 15:3 & 2
Cor 5:21
5. His bodily resurrection from the dead = Matt 28:6;
Luke 24: 39; I Cor 15: 4
6. His exaltation to the right hand of God = Act 1: 9 &11;
Acts 2:33; Phil 2: 9- 11; and Heb 1:3.
His miracles
Acts 2:22, “Men of Israel, listen to this: Jesus of
Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by
miracles, wonders and signs; which God did among
you through Him; as you yourselves know.”
Acts 10:38, “John preached how God anointed
Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power,
and how He went around doing good and healing
all who were under the power of the devil, because
God was with Him.”
His sinless life
Heb 7:24-26, “ …because Jesus lives forever, He has
a permanent priesthood…He is able to save
completely those who come to God through Him,
because He always intercede for them. Such a High
Priest meets our need – one Who is holy, blameless,
pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the
1 Peter 2:22, “He committed no sin, and no deceit
was found in His mouth.”
His substitutionary work on the cross
I Cor 15:3, “For what I received I passed on to you as of
first importance that Christ died for our sins according
to the Scriptures.”
2 Cor 5:21, “God made Him Who had no sin to be sin for
us, so that in Him we might become the righteousness
of God.”
I Peter 2: 24, “He Himself bore our sins in His body on
the tree (cross) so we might die to sin and live to
righteousness; by His wounds we have been healed.”
His bodily resurrection from the dead
Matt 28:6, “He is not here; He has risen, just
as He said. Come and see the place where He
Luke 24: 39, Jesus said, “Look at My hands
and My feet. It is I Myself! Touch Me and see;
a ghost does not have flesh and bones, as I
I Cor 15: 4, “…Christ was buried, that He was
raised on the third day according to the
His exaltation to the right hand of God
Act 1: 9 &11 “…He was taken up before their eyes
and a cloud hid Him from their sight... ‘This same
Jesus, Who has been taken from you into heaven,
will come back in the same way you have seen Him
go into heaven.’”
Acts 2:33 God has “exalted Him to the right hand of
Phil 2: 9- 11 “…God exalted Him to the highest
place and gave Him the name that is above
every name, that at the name of Jesus, every
knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and
under the earth, and every tongue/language
confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of
God the Father.”
Heb 1:3 “The Son is the radiance of God’s glory
and the exact representation of His being,
sustaining all things by His powerful word. After
He had provided purification for sins, He sat
down at the right hand of the Majesty of
Prophet = the anointed Servant = Is. 11:2 & 3
“The Spirit of the Lord will rest upon Him –
the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding,
the Spirit of counsel and of power, the Spirit
of knowledge and the fear of the Lord – and
He will delight in the fear of the Lord.”
Priest = Heb 7:21 & 24 “The Lord has sworn
and will not change His mind: ‘You are a
priest forever.’ … but Jesus lives forever, He
has a permanent priesthood.”
King = Rev. 5: 6- 13, “The I saw a Lamb, looking as if it
had been slain, standing in the center of the throne,
encircled by the 4 living creatures and the elders…
He took the scroll from the right hand of Him Who
sat upon the throne. And when He had taken it, the 4
living creatures and 24 elders fell down before the
Lamb…they were holding golden bowls full of
incense, which are the prayers of the saints. And
they sang a new song:
“You are worthy to take the scroll and open the
seals because You were slain, and with Your blood You
purchased men for God from every tribe and language
and people and nation. You have made them to be a
kingdom and priests to serve our God, and they will reign
on earth.”
Rev. 5 continued:
V11 & 12 “Then I looked and heard the voices of
many angels, numbering thousands and
“Worthy is the Lamb, Who was slain, to
receive power and wealth and wisdom
and strength and honor and glory and