Intro to the History &
Intro to the History &
Theology of the Assemblies
Theology of the Assemblies
of God
of God
The Start
Between the Civil War and the close of
the 1800’s – conditions
Fundamentalists and the Holiness
Bethel Bible College
Director: Charles Parham
Topeka, KS – January 1,
13 students in a barn –
praying and fasting
Agnes Ozman
Initial physical evidence
– speaking in tongues
W. J. Seymour
Trained in the ministry
by sitting outside a
classroom window as
Charles Parham taught
– Texas
1906 – secured a
building at 312 Azusa
St. in Los Angeles, CA
Services from 10 am –
midnight everyday for
3 years.
Publication: Word and
Witness – E. N. Bell
For information, teaching and organizing the
Called for a conference in Hot Springs, Ark in
300+ people attended
The Assemblies of God birthed – E. N. Bell
elected the first Chairman of this new
Why? 5 Reasons
1. Better understanding and unity of doctrine
2. To know how to conserve God’s work at home
and abroad (other countries)
3. To consult on protection of funds for missions
4. To help charter churches under a legal name
5. To consider the establishment of a Bible training
school with a literary division.
Doctrine Established
16 Fundamental Truths of the
Assemblies of God – 1916
1961 – Position Papers called “Where
We Stand”
Commission of Doctrinal Purity – 1990’s
The Scriptures Inspired
The Scriptures Inspired
Fundamental Truth of the A/G
Fundamental Truth of the A/G
The Authoritative Rule: “The Scriptures, both the
Old and New Testament are verbally inspired of
God and are the revelation of God to man, infallible,
authoritative, rule of faith and conduct.”
Three kinds of religious authority:
A) human reasoning = rationality (the quality of being
based on or in accordance with reason or logic) vs.
rationalism (reliance of reason to validate religious
B) the Church = apostolic succession (Peter)
C) God’s Word = Hebrews 1: 1 – 2
The Revelation of God to
A) Natural/General Revelation: Romans 1:20, “Since the
creation of the world God’s invisible qualities – His
eternal power and divine nature – have been clearly seen,
being understood from what has been made, so that
men are without excuse.”
B) Conscience: Romans 2: 14-15, “Indeed, when Gentiles,
who do not have the law, do by nature things required by
the law for themselves, even though they do not have
the law, since they show that the requirements of the
law are written on their hearts, their consciences also
bearing witness, and their thoughts now accusing, now
even defending them.”
Verbally Inspired Word of
2 Timothy 3:16-17, “All Scripture is God-breathed and
is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and
training in righteousness, so that the servant of God
may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.”
“theopneustos” = Hebrew meaning “God-breathed”.
This is not “dictation” – God spoke sometimes
audibly, sometimes through the heart/mind Spirit,
etc. The Spirit illuminates the mind of the writer and
2 Peter 1: 16-21, “For we did not follow cleverly
devised stories when we told you about the
coming of our Lord Jesus Christ in power, but
we were eye witnesses of His majesty. He
received honor and glory from God the Father
when the voice came to Him from the
Majestic Glory, saying, ‘This is my Son, whom I
love; with Him I am well pleased.’ We
ourselves heard this voice that came from
heaven when we were with Him on the
sacred mountain (transfiguration)…
2 Peter 1 continued: “We also have the
prophetic message as something
completely reliable, and you will do well to
pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a
dark place, until the day dawns and the
morning star rises in your hearts. Above all,
you must understand that no prophecy of
Scripture came about by the prophet’s own
interpretation of things. For prophecy
never had its origin in the human will, but
prophets, though human, spoke from God
as they were carried by the Holy Spirit.”
Jesus fully accepted the Torah (OT) in John 10:35,
“Scripture cannot be broken.” Also, look at Matt. 5:18,
“Until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest
letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means
disappear from the Law until everything is
Plenary Verbal Inspiration:
Plenary = “full”
Verbal = “spoken/inspired”
Inspiration = discussed earlier
The A/G holds strongly to the plenary verbal inspiration
of Scriptures – it’s message is absolute truth.
Peter’s view of Paul’s
2 Peter 3: 15-16, “Bear in mind that our Lord’s
patience means salvation, just as our dear
brother Paul also wrote you with the wisdom
that God gave him. He writes the same way in
all his letters, speaking in them of these
matters. His letters contain some things that
are hard to understand, which ignorant and
unstable people distort, as they do other
Scriptures, to their own destruction.”
The Infallible Rule
Infallible = “incapable of error and therefore not
capable of misleading, deceiving, or disappointing us.”
(p. 26)
Inerrancy = “exempt from error”- to the A/G, scriptures
are not inerrant.
A/G strongly supports the infallibility of God’s Word but
recognizes recording/statistical errors are possible.
“The whole Bible shows that He is reliable, dependable,
trustworthy, and His very nature guarantees the
authority and infallibility of His Word.”
T The Canon & Later
Canon = a rule, a standard, a measuring rod
39 Old Testament Canons – already established by the
time of Jesus’ incarnation (God in human form)
367 ad – Athanasius examining documents circulated
discovered there were 27 NT books/letters/canons
397 ad Council of Carthage
declared the NT had 27
4 NT Criteria:
1. Apostolicity = writer an apostle or one who had
seen Jesus?
2. Universality = was the book widely accepted by
the Church?
3. Contents = writings consistent with OT and other
NT texts?
4. Inspiration = does the writing have the divinely
inspired quality as the other accepted books have?
Dead Sea Scrolls
Discovered in 1947 by a shepherd boy
All or parts of all 39 OT canons – except
for the Book of Esther – were
discovered – Hebrew text
Dated as early at 250 BC
250 bc – 150 bc =
Septuagint Version - Greek
Changing Translations
312-320 ad = Jerome (Church Father) and
300 other priests/translators translated
the entire 66 books into Latin – called
the Vulgate
1380 ad = John Wycliffe translated the
first English Bible. He died in 1384 ad.
Roman Catholic Church condemned his
work and by 1428 – most of his
handwritten copies were burnt.
Printing press – 1440 helped spread the
1462 – 1522 = at least 17 translations of the
Bible were found in Germany
Martin Luther influenced William Tyndale
who made the first most important English
translation of the NT in 1525. Tyndale was
arrested by the RC Church and burned at the
Geneva Bible = English translation written by
English refugees who fled to Switzerland –
brought to America by the Pilgrims.
King Henry VIII – broke off from the Catholic
church and created the Church of England
(Episcopal) 1530’s – varying translations were used
King James I appointed several groups of Biblical
scholars who wrote the KJV in 1611. It was King
James who “authorized” this version.
This was during the time when Shakespearian
English was very popular so that is what the
translators used…
The One True God
The One True God
Fundamental Truth of the A/G
Fundamental Truth of the A/G
“The one true God has revealed Himself as
the eternally self-existent ‘I AM’, the
Creator of heaven and earth and the
Redeemer of mankind. He has further
revealed Himself as embodying the
principles of relationship and association
as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.”
Deut. 6:4
Isaiah 43: 10-11
Mark 28: 19 and Luke 3:22
In Response to a 1913
Heresy…1916 “The Adorable
Terms Defined = Trinity (although not used in
scriptures) and Persons of the Godhead are in
harmony with Scriptures. Matt. 28: 19
Distinction and Relationship in the Godhead = Jesus
identified the Godhead in the terms of Father, Son,
and Holy Spirit. 2 Cor. 13:14
Unity of the One Being of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
= Father-Begetter; Son-Begotten; Holy Spirit-the One
proceeding from the Father & Son. Zech 14:9; John 1:
Identity and Cooperation in the Godhead = The
Father is not from the Son – the Son is from the
Father; the Holy Spirit is from the Father and the
Son proceeding – hence, neither Person in the
Godhead exists or works separately or
independently of each other. John 5: 17-30, 32 & 37
The Title, Lord Jesus Christ = belongs exclusively to
the Son of God only. Romans 1: 1-3, 7; 2 John 3
The Lord Jesus Christ, God with Us = The Son of
Man, both God and man – Immanuel. His time on
earth. Matt 1:23; Rev 1: 13 & 17.
The Title , Son of God = eternal
The Existence of God
1. Ontological view = because god does not have a
physical existence – he is imperfect and therefore
2. Cosmological view = the First Cause
3. Teleological view = Divine Designer
4. Moral view = every human being has a stamp of
right and wrong that is higher than his/her
existence therefore there is a god.
Omnipotence = almighty
Omnipresent = all present
Omniscient = all knowing
God is good
God is love
God is holy
God is righteous
The Deity of the Lord
The Deity of the Lord
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
Fundamental Truth of the A/G
Fundamental Truth of the A/G
The Lord Jesus Christ is the
eternal Son of God
1. His virgin birth = Matt 1:23; Luke 1: 31 & 35
2. His sinless life = Heb 7:26; 1 Peter 2:22
3. His miracles = Acts 2:22 & 10:38
4. His substitutionary work on the cross = I Cor 15:3 & 2
Cor 5:21
5. His bodily resurrection from the dead = Matt 28:6;
Luke 24: 39; I Cor 15: 4
6. His exaltation to the right hand of God = Act 1: 9 &11;
Acts 2:33; Phil 2: 9- 11; and Heb 1:3.
Prophet = the anointed Servant = Is.
Priest = Heb 8:3
King = Rev. 5: 6- 13