Eph. 4 Part 2
Paul’s tone = very excited and joyful … no problem to correct!
1) Greetings (1:1&2)
2) Divine Purpose Teach the Glory and Headship of Christ (1:3-14)
3) Prayers that Christians would realize God’s purpose (1:15-23)
4) Steps towards the fulfillment of God’s purpose (Chpt 2 -3)
a) Salvation by grace through faith (2:1-10) ***
b) Reconciliation of Jew & Gentiles through the Cross (2:11-18)
Ephesians 2: 8 - 10
For it is by grace you are saved, through faith – and this is not
from yourselves, it is a gift of God
Not by works, so that no one can boast.
For we are God’s handiwork, created in Christ Jesus to do
good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.
Reconciled Through Christ – 2: 11…
Gentiles – uncircumcised Jews – circumcised
Separated and excluded Carriers of the Covenant
Without hope With the promise of God
BUT Now! Christ Jesus The Messiah has come
He is our peace, Who has made the two groups one and has
destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility… His purpose was
to create in Himself one new humanity out of two, this making peace,
and in one body reconcile both of them to God through the cross, by
which He put to death their hostility… and in Him, you too are being
built together to become a dwelling in which God lives by His Spirit.
4) c) Unity of Jew & Gentile in One Household (2:19 – 22)
d) Revelation of God’s wisdom through the Church (3:1-13)
e) Prayer for deeper experience of God’s fullness (3:14-21)
5) Practical Ways to Fulfill God’s Purpose (Chpt 4:1-6:20)
a) Unity (4:1-6)
b) Maturity (4:7-16)
c) Renewal of personal life (4:17-5:20)
d) Deference (Others before self) in personal relationships (5:21- 6:9)
Ø Principle (5:21)
Ø Husbands and wives (5:22-33)
Ø Children and parents (6:1-4)
Ø Slaves and masters (6:5-9)
e) Strengthen for Spiritual Conflicts (6:10-20)
6) Conclusion, final greetings and benediction (6:21-24)
Unity – Eph. 4: 1 - 6
I (Paul) am a prisoner of the Lord – I urge (beg) you to live a life
worthy of the calling you have received.
Be completely humble and gentle; be patient, bearing with one
another in love.
Make every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through peace
There is one body and one Spirit; one Lord; one faith; one baptism;
one God and Father of all, Who is over all…
…To each of us grace has been given as Christ apportioned it.
Christianity (big picture)
Preaches: One God; Jesus the only Son of God; born of a virgin; died
for the forgiveness of sin; rose again and returned to the Father; Jesus
is returning to reign forever (new heaven and new earth); sent the
Holy Spirit to live in those who have accepted Jesus as Savior.
catholics (universal) became Catholic (300’s) Protestants (1400’s)
If the Church/Denomination preaches the above…they are considered
“Christian”. If not, they are called another religion or cult.
Maturity – Ephesians 4: 7 - 16
“So Christ Himself gave the apostles, the
prophets, the evangelists, the pastors and
teachers to equip His people for works of service,
so that the body of Christ may be built up until we
all reach unity in faith and in the knowledge of
the Son of God and become mature, attaining to
the whole measure of the fullness of Christ.”
Purpose: Eph 4: 12 - 14
To equip His people for works of service – so the body of Christ may
be built up
Built up until we all reach unity in faith and in the knowledge of the
Son of God and become mature
Attaining to the whole measure of the fullness of Christ…no longer
infants, tossed back and forth by … every wind of teaching and by …
people in their deceitful scheming.
He gave…
Two ways to use the word “apostles”
Apostles = the original 12 as seen in Mark 6;
after Judas killed himself – 11 as seen in Acts 1;
then elected Mattathias in Acts 1;
Paul, later in I Corinthians 15, calls himself an Apostle
Position of authority to set-up churches, an ambassador, a convoy.
Apostolos (grk) = messenger and sent one
Apostles -
Same today as a Missionary – sent one, ambassador
Romans 1 – set apart to establish new churches
I Corinthians 15 – Paul explains that no one earns the title of an
apostle – it is given by Jesus. He identifies the possibility of having
“false apostles” in II Corinthians 11:13
Changing use of the word ”apostle” – Acts 6 : Apostles and deacons
and disciples
Acts 15 – Council of Jerusalem: Apostles and Elders approves has the
power to accept or reject; set-up church policy; decisions made by
the apostles, disciples, deacons and whole church…Apostles declare
final determination. Church is NOT a democracy. It is a Theocracy.
Matthew 10, Jesus calls the 12; these are later called Apostles to
distinguish them as appointed leaders sent to establish churches
Philippians 2:25, we see Paul using this title “apostle” as one who is
sent out to set-up churches – not as one of the original 12.
Epaphroditus is called an apostle…a messenger to the Church.
Apostle is used two ways:
1. The original 12 Disciples – later 11 plus Paul
2. Person sent by God to set-up Churches – same as missionaries today